After the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, Lebanon became home to more than 110,000 Palestinian refugees who had fled from Israel. More Palestinian refugees arrived after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and Black September. By 1975 they numbered more than 300,000 with Yassir Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organization in charge of their political and military activities. During the early 1970s, difficulties arose over the increase of Palestinian refugees in the south. Initially, fighting began between these Palestinians (referred to as “anti-Lebanese militias” by some) and the indigenous Lebanese “leftists” (the communists and socialist parties). As the fighting intensified, the sides involved became more distinct. On one side was the Christian resistance led first by Bachir Gemayel and later by Samir Geagea. The other side comprised a coalition of Palestinian refugees, Sunni Muslim, and Druze forces who were united in their detestation of the 1943 National Pact. The (civil) war left the nation with no effective central government.
Cross-border attacks by Palestinian groups in southern Lebanon against civilians in Israeli territory led to an invasion by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) on March 14, 1978 in what was titled the Litani River Operation. A few days later, the United Nations Security Council passed resolutions 425 and 426, calling for the withdrawal of Israeli forces, and establishing an international peace-keeping force in southern Lebanon, the United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon (UNIFIL). Three months later, on June 13, 1978, Israel completed the withdrawal of its troops, and turned over control of southern Lebanon to the SLA.
The PLO’s armed forces continued to use Lebanon as a base to attack Israel with rockets and artillery, and on June 6, 1982 Israel again invaded Lebanon with the objective of evicting the PLO. Israeli forces occupied areas from the southern Lebanese border with Israel northward into areas of Beirut. During this invasion the Phalangist militia, under the command of Elie Hobeika, moved into the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps, with the knowledge of Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon, and committed the first Sabra and Shatila massacre. Israel’s plans for Lebanon suffered a severe setback on September 14, 1982, with the assassination of the Phalangist leader and President-elect Bachir Gemayel, who was regarded as secretly sympathetic to Israel.
Israel finally withdrew from the “security zone” in the spring of 2000, under the Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who formerly ruled over the security zone as Chief of Staff. Israel continues to control a small area called Shebaa Farms, which Lebanon and Syria claim to be Lebanese territory but Israel insists to be former Syrian territory with the same status as the Golan Heights. The United Nations has determined that Shebaa Farms is not part of Lebanon. The UN Secretary-General concluded that, as of 16 June 2000, Israel had withdrawn its forces from Lebanon in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 425 of 1978, bringing, in the UN’s opinion, closure to the 1982 invasion.
Despite common belief, there has been no formal declaration of war between Lebanon and Israel throughout the past conflicts, although on 13 July 2006 officials in both countries called recent engagements “act[s] of war”. The two countries do not maintain any open ties and rely on third parties to be intermediaries in any disputes.
Basically the Israelis first entered Lebanon to go after the thousands of Palestinian refugees that fled to Lebanon. The Christians sided with the Israelis ,and the Muslims of Lebanon sisded with the Palestinians. Therfore civil war erupted.
The conflict is not really between Israel and Lebanon per se. It’s about Lebanon being a staging area for terrorists.
The US is not at war with Afghanistan. We are war with the Taliban and terrorists in that country. Same deal with Israel and Lebanon.
Hopefully one day Lebanon will wise up and help rid itself of these terrorists it has harbored for so long.
Wishful thinking I’m sure.
Lebanon was once a modern, relatively free society. Then the Islamist terrorists took over.
Wherever there are Islamists, there is trouble with anyone who is not Muslim. Islamists especially want to take back the Jewish homeland of Israel that they had once conquered. It is a Muslim dictate that once Muslims occupy a land, it must be forever Muslim and all Muslims are obligated to go there and fight anyone else who occupies it.
Lebanon is within rocket range of Israel, so the Islamists use it as a base to launch rockets into Israeli cities.
The Jews, returned to their ancestral homeland from other lands where they had fled from Islamic invaders long ago, want nothing more than an end to the daily rocket attacks and suicide bombings.
The conflict isn’t between Israel and Lebenon. It is between Israel and the terrorist Chesbolah who are funded and supported by Iran and Syria. They have occupied southern israel for years. That is why Israel went into Lebenon the first time. This is just a repeat of the first time.
For anyone to ask this question shows the lack of History knowledge of the world.
Israel is Home of the heartland of the World. Especially the religious world. Jesus was born there and was raised there. All of the prophets where born and raised there. Essentially, You could say that Garden of Eden was there. This is the BIRTHPLACE of the world. (Get the point?)
The Muslim’s believe that it should be their land to build the temple for the coming Messiah and not the Jew’s.
The Jewish people where promised this land by God according to the Bible.
I think you can understand there is Biblical reasons for what is going on.
If you Knew real stories of this, You will annoy to Israel, US, And some Europe government.
And so, don’t try to know about it.
A lot of people will answer you about that in wrong answers and their foolish accepted.
You are very lucky because I am so free in this time.
www.bbc.com gives a very good chronology.